Skin Cancer Specialist

MD Dermatology & Laser Center

Sanjiv K. Saini, M.D.

Board Certified Dermatologist & Cosmetic Surgeon located in Gambrills, MD & Edgewater, MD

According to the Skin Cancer Foundation, there are more new cases of skin cancer annually than there are for cancers of the breast, prostate, lung, and colon combined. Since skin cancer can spread to other organs, it’s especially important to detect and treat it in its early stages. Sanjiv K. Saini, MD, at MD Dermatology & Laser Center — with offices in Gambrills, Edgewater, and Lexington Park, Maryland — is board certified in dermatology and is ready to help you.

Skin Cancer Q & A

Are there different types of skin cancers?

Yes, there are three main types of skin cancer. They are:

  • Melanoma: rarest, but most aggressive form that develops on skin anywhere on your body
  • Basal cell cancer: most common form, occurs on your face or neck
  • Squamous cell skin carcinoma: develops in the cells of the outer layer of skin on the face, ears, or hands

What causes skin cancer?

Skin cancers that form on exposed skin are usually caused by exposure to ultraviolet light. However, abnormal cell growth can occur in unexposed areas. In these cases, a weakened immune system or exposure to toxins may be the cause.

Risk factors for developing skin cancer include:

  • Having fair or lighter skin
  • Experiencing several blistering sunburns as a child or teenager
  • Having numerous abnormal moles (view mole chart here)
  • Working or spending excessive time outdoors
  • Having family or personal history of skin cancer
  • Tanning outdoors or using tanning lamps and tanning beds
  • Living in sunny or high-altitude climates
  • Having precancerous skin lesions
  • Being exposed to radiation or toxic substances like arsenic
  • Having a weakened immune system

How is skin cancer treated?

Early stages of skin cancer are often treated by surgery. If your skin cancer is in a more advanced stage, other treatments may be used, such as:

  • Immunotherapy to boost your body’s immune system to enable it to attack the abnormal cancer cells
  • Targeted therapy drugs that identify and target the specific skin cancer cells
  • Standard chemotherapy if the skin cancer has spread to other parts of the body

Is skin cancer fatal?

No, not necessarily. The five-year survival rate for skin cancer in the United States — when detected early — is 98%. The rate drops to 62% if the cancer reaches the lymph nodes and to 18% when it spreads to distant organs. Dr. Saini advises patients to do self skin checks at home, and to make an appointment with him if you notice changes in your skin. Call or book an appointment online.

 

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